The Petra Church Fig. 5

The aerial view of the Roman Street Project excavations area (lower left)

Fiema (2008)


Names
Transliterated Name Source Name
The Roman Street
Introduction

In the Roman Street Project, excavations were performed on what appear to be shops or taverns located on the southern side of the eastern end of the colonnaded street directly west of the stairways that lead to the "Upper Market" ( Fiema, 2008).

Maps and Plans Chronology
Phasing

Fiema (2008) reports three major phases for the Roman Street - Nabataean, Roman, and Byzantine.

4th century CE earthquake

Maps and Plans

  • Reconstructed ground plan of the "Roman street" from Kanellopoulos (2001)
Kanellopoulos (2001:16) speculated that a partial collapse of the upper story of Room 28 was caused by the southern Cyril Quake of 363 CE. Fiema (2008) further speculates that in the area of the Colonnaded Street, damage must have included shifted walls, collapsed columns and arches, and a damaged pavement. Fiema (2008) added that the [collonaded] street area appears to have been only partially rebuilt after the earthquake and that subsequent constructions were erected on the sidewalk with reused material, such as column drums, and even inscribed blocks. adding that the drums used in the construction of these structures indicate that at least some parts of the colonnade had fallen down and were not restored. Fiema (1998:398) also discussed archaeoseismic evidence uncovered from previous excavations.
The disastrous earthquake which affected Petra on May 19, AD 363 (Russell 1980), would have spelled the end to some of the shops, or at least seriously limited their function. The shop excavated by Parr was definitely abandoned then, displaying a layer of destruction debris - Phase XV (Parr 1970: 366-368).

Seismic Effects
4th century CE earthquake

Seismic Effects (some speculative) include

  • partial collapse of the upper story of Room 28 ( Kanellopoulos, 2001:16)
  • drums used in the construction of these structures indicate that at least some parts of the colonnade had fallen down ( Fiema, 2008)

Intensity Estimates
4th century CE earthquake

Effect Description Intensity
Collapsed Walls partial collapse of the upper story of Room 28 ( Kanellopoulos, 2001:16) VIII+
Fallen Columns drums used in the construction of these structures indicate that at least some parts of the colonnade had fallen down ( Fiema, 2008) V+
The archeoseismic evidence requires a minimum Intensity of VIII (8) when using the Earthquake Archeological Effects chart of Rodríguez-Pascua et al (2013: 221-224).

Notes and Further Reading
References

Z. T. Fiema, 1998, The Roman Street of the Petra Project, 1997. A Preliminary Report. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 42, 1998, 395–424.

Fiema, Z. T. 1997. “Petra: Roman Street Project,” ACOR Newsletter 9 (1): 8–9.

Fiema, Z.T. 2001. “Die Entdeckung der Antiken Innenstadt. Neue Forschungen im Bereich der Säulenstrasse in Petra/Jordanien.” Antike Welt. Zeitschrift für Archäologie und Kulturgeschichte 32 (1): 47–52.

Fiema, Z. T. 2008. “Remarks on the Development and Significance of the Colonnaded Street in Petra, Jordan.” In La rue dans l’antiquité: définition,aménagement, devenir. Actes du colloque de Poitiers, 7–9 Septembre 2006, edited by P. Ballet, N. Dieudonné-Glad, and C. Saliou, 161–168. Rennes: Presses universitaires.

Kanellopoulos, C. 1998. “Petra: Colonnaded Street and Shops” ACOR Newsletter 10 (1): 1–3.

Kanellopoulos, C. 2001. “The Architecture of the Shops and Colonnaded Street in Petra.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 324: 9–22. DOI: 10.2307/1357629.

Kanellopoulos, C. 2002. “A New Plan of Petra’s City Center.” Near Eastern Archaeology 65 (4): 251–254.

Hammond, P. C. (1960). "Excavations at Petra in 1959." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research(159): 26-31.

Paradise, T. 2011. The Great Flood of Petra: evidence for a 4th-5th AD century catastrophic flood. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 55: 43-56.

Parr, P. 1960 Excavations at Petra, 1958-59. PEQ 92: 124-136.

Parr, P. 1970 A Sequence of Pottery from Petra. Pp. 348-381 in J. A. Sanders (ed.), Near Eastern Archaeology in the Twentieth Century.Garden City.

Parr, P. 1986 The Last Days of Petra. Pp. 192-205 in M.A. Bakhit and M. Asfour (eds), Proceedings of the Symposium an Bilad al-Sham during the Byzantine Period (November 1983) II. Amman.

Parr, P. 1996 The Architecture of Petra: Review Article. PEQ 128: 64-70.

Petra Roman Street Project on ACOR