Transliterated Name Source Name
Hammath Tiberias Hebrew ‎‎

Moshe Dothan in Stern et al (1993)) provides the following about Hammath Tiberias.
The remains of Hammath-Tiberias extend from the hot springs (el-Hammam) to the southern boundary of ancient Tiberias, on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. In the Talmud, the place is identified with Hammath (Joshua 19:35), a fortified city of the tribe of Naphtali:
"Hammath-Hammatha" (J.T., Meg. 1, 70a)
This identification is not certain, however, because the excavations and a survey of the Hammath area uncovered no remains earlier than the Hellenistic period. Hammath is mentioned many times in the Mishnah. Tiberias and Hammath were originally two separate cities, each surrounded by a wall of its own
"Rabbi Jeremiah said ... from Hammath to Tiberias - a mile" [J.T., Meg. 2:1-2])
Subsequently, however, they were united, apparently in the first century CE:
"Now the children of Tiberias and the children of Hammath again became one city." (Tosefta, 'Eruv. 7:2)
In the liturgical sources (Mishmarot 24), Tiberias was known as Ma'uziah after the priestly order that had settled in Hammath. Tiberias was forbidden to the priests because it contained a cemetery. When Tiberias became the seat of the Great Yeshiva and the Sanhedrin in the third century CE, and the spiritual center of the Jews of Palestine and the Diaspora, the suburb of Hammath shared its prominence. With the abolition of the patriarchate in about 429 CE, Hammath began to decline, but it continued to exist as a city, supporting itself with its profitable hot springs. The Jewish community remained in the city throughout the Arab period until its decline in the Middle Ages.
Maps and Plans Chronology
Stratum IIa Earthquake - 419 CE ?

  • Remains of synagogues II and I, looking west
Jones (2021), without citing a source, reports that evidence for the Monaxius and Plinta Earthquake of 419 CE has been reported in Stratum IIa of the synagogue at Hammath Tiberias. Jones (2021) also reports that Magness has disputed archaeological evidence for this earthquake at the Synagogue in Hammath Tiberias and other sites in the Galilee (1997: 217-18; 2005: 8-10; 2007: 271-72; 2012: 113-14).

Notes and Further Reading

Jones, I. W. N. (2021). "The southern Levantine earthquake of 418/419 AD and the archaeology of Byzantine Petra." Levant: 1-15.

Magness, J. (1997). "Synagogue typology and earthquake chronology at Khirbet Shema ‘, Israel." Journal of field archaeology 24(2): 211-220.

Magness, J. 2005. Heaven on earth: Helios and the zodiac cycle in ancient Palestinian synagogues. Dumbarton Oaks Papers 59: 1-52.

Magness, J. 2007. Did Galilee decline in the fifth century? The synagogue at Chorazin reconsidered. In, Zangenberg, J., Attridge, H. W. and Martin, D. B. (eds), Religion, Ethnicity, and Identity in Ancient Galilee: A Region in Transition: 259-74. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck.

Magness, J. 2012. The pottery from the village of Capernaum and the chronology of Galilean synagogues. Tel Aviv 39(2): 110-22.

Hammat Tiberias at