Ma'ayan Baruch is located at the northeastern tip of Upper Galilee on the northern shore of Lake Hula. It contains the remains of an open-air Acheulean (Lower Paleolithic) site. (Avraham Ronen in Stern et al, 1993)

Maps and Plans Chronology
363 CE Earthquake

Negev (1969) published a description of an inscription regarding a restored Temple which he interpreted as attributing the restoration to Emperor Julian II (aka Julian the Apostate). Julian's name is not specifically mentioned but possibly referred to as Romani orbis liberatori. An analogue to another inscription in Italy was used to hypothesize that this referred to Julian. Language in this inscription found at Ma’ayan Barukh was also compared to other inscriptions attributed to Julian which Negev (1969) used to further bolster the case that the inscription found at Ma’ayan Barukh refers to Julian. Julian's reign was characterized by restorations of a number of Pagan Temples; some of which had been previously damaged by zealous Christians earlier during the 4th century CE. If Julian is referred to in the inscription, the use of the title "Pontifici maximo" dates the inscription to some time after the summer of 362 CE as Julian did not use that title earlier in his reign (Negev, 1969). Ambraseys (2009) misreports this to the summer of 363 AD.

The inscription was found at a site ~8 km. from Caesarea Philippi (Paneas) where once stood a famous Roman Temple (Negev, 1969). Negev (1969) conjectures that the inscription may come from the famous Roman Temple in Caesarea Philippi (Paneas) or other Temples in the region.

Notes and Further Reading

Negev, A. (1969). "The Inscription of the Emperor Julian at Ma'ayan Barukh." Israel Exploration Journal: 170-173.

Bibliography from Stern et al (1993)

Prehistory: M. Stekelis and D. Gilead, Mitekufat Ha'even 8 (1966) (Hebrew); A. Ronen, The Quaternary of Israel (ed. A. Horowitz), New York 1979, 296-307; id. et al., IEJ 30 (1980), 17-33.

Middle Bronze Age tombs: R. Amiran, 'Atiqot 3 (1961), 84-92.

Later periods: A. Negev, IEJ 19 (1969), 170-173.