|Khirbet Wadi Hamam|||
Khirbet Wadi Hamam near Hamaam
was first settled in the Hasmonean period around the early first century BCE reaching
a peak in terms of size and prosperity in the Early Roman period, when large-scale infrastructural
and building projects were carried out. (Uzi Leibner)
Archaeological evidence for a severe decline in the settlement surfaces in the mid-fourth century,
when most of the village was abandoned. The latest stratified remains at the site date to the last
decades of the fourth century, and village life seems to have ceased entirely at the end of that
century or in the early fifth. (Uzi Leibner)
Jones, I. W. N. (2021). "The southern Levantine earthquake of 418/419 AD and the archaeology of Byzantine Petra." Levant: 1-15.
Magness, J. (1997). "Synagogue typology and earthquake chronology at Khirbet Shema ‘, Israel." Journal of field archaeology 24(2): 211-220.
Magness, J. 2005. Heaven on earth: Helios and the zodiac cycle in ancient Palestinian synagogues. Dumbarton Oaks Papers 59: 1-52.
Magness, J. 2007. Did Galilee decline in the fifth century? The synagogue at Chorazin reconsidered. In, Zangenberg, J., Attridge, H. W. and Martin, D. B. (eds), Religion, Ethnicity, and Identity in Ancient Galilee: A Region in Transition: 259-74. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Magness, J. 2012. The pottery from the village of Capernaum and the chronology of Galilean synagogues. Tel Aviv 39(2): 110-22.