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Ibn Tagri Birdi was born in Cairo around 1410 CE. His father was a mamluk who became commander of the Egyptian armies in 1407 CE, a viceroy in ~1410 CE, and died in 1412 CE leaving Ibn Tagri Birdi to be raised by his sister - the wife of the cheif qadi (W. Popper in Encyclopedia of Islam v. 1, 1991:138). Ibn Tagri Birdi studied under many noted scholars, participated in military campaigns, and authored books on History and Biography. The shining stars in the kings of Egypt and Cairo (al-Nudjum al-Zahira fi Muluk Misr wa 'l-Kahira) is a history of Egypt from 641 CE - 1467 CE (W. Popper in Encyclopedia of Islam v. 1, 1991:138). Ibn Tagri Birdi died in 1470 CE.
Ibn Taghribirdi Explained

Ibn Taghribirdi Explained

Ibn Taghribirdi
Birth Name:Jamal al-Din Ibn Yusuf
Birth Date: 2 February 1411
Birth Place:Cairo, Mamluk Sultanate
(modern-day Egypt)
Death Place: Cairo, Mamluk Sultanate
Resting Place:Cairo, Egypt
Occupation: Historian
Notableworks:Al-Nujum al-zahira fi muluk Misr wa'l-Qahira
النجوم الزاھرۃ فی ملوک مصر والقاھرۃ
Years Active: circa 1435–1470

Jamal al-Din Yusuf bin al-Amir Sayf al-Din Taghribirdi (Arabic: جمال الدين يوسف بن الأمير سيف الدين تغري بردي), or Abū al-Maḥāsin Yūsuf ibn Taghrī-Birdī, or Ibn Taghribirdi[1] (2 February 1411— 5 June 1470; 813–874 Hijri) was an Islamic historian born in the 15th century in Mamluk Egypt. He studied under al-Ayni and al-Maqrizi, two of the leading Cairene historians and scholars of the day.[2]

Ibn Taghribirdi's most famous work is a multi-volume chronicle of Egypt and the Mamluk sultanate called al-Nujum al-zahira fi muluk Misr wa'l-Qahira. His style is annalistic and gives precise dates for most events; this format makes it clear that Ibn Taghribirdi had privileged access to the sultans and their records. The name "Taghribirdi" is cognate to modern Turkish "Tanrıverdi" and means god-given in Turkic languages.


  • Al-Nujūm al-Zāhirah fī Mulūk Miṣr wa-al-Qāhirah (Arabic: النجوم الزاهرة في ملوك مصر والقاهرة). Chronicle of period from the Islamic conquest of Egypt in 641 to 1468.[3] [4]
    • Edited by William Popper. 12. vols. Cairo, Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣrīyah, 1929–56.
    • Miṣr al-Jadīdah, al-Qāhirah, al-Maktab al-ʻArabī lil-Maʻārif (Arabic: المكتب العربي للمعارف), 2017.
  • al-Manhal al-ṣāfī wa-al-mustawfá baʻda al-wāfī (Arabic: المنهل الصافي والمستوفي بعد الوافي); 13-vol. biographical dictionary with approx. 3000 entries celebrating the lives of sultans,[5] princes (amirs), scholars and scientists (ulama), dignitaries, and entertainers, from the Bahri dynasty and later.[6]
  • Ḥawādith al-duhūr fī madá al-ayyām wa-al-shuhūr (Arabic: حوادث الدهور في مدى الأيام والشهور); Egypt history 1250–1517 continues al-Maqrizi's Suluk li-ma'rifat duwwal al-muluk.[7]
  • Al-Baḥr al-zākhir fī tārīkh al-ʻālam wa-akhbār al-awāʼil wa-al-awākhir (Arabic: البحر الزاخر في تاريخ العالم وأخبار الأوائل والأواخر); universal history from creation of Adam (National Library of Paris, No.1551); Iraq MS purchased by Dar al-Kutub, Egypt.
  • Mawrid al-laṭāfah fī man waliya al-salṭanah wa-al-khilāfah (Arabic: مورد اللطافة في من وليه السلطنة والخلافة); Biographies of the sultans and the caliphs.[8]


  • History of Egypt 1382–1469; transl. from the Arabic Annals of Abu l-Maḥāsin Ibn Taghrī Birdī by William Popper, Berkeley 1954–63.

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Notes and References

  1. For a more complete list of variations on the spelling and form of his name, see ISNI's listing for him Ibn Taghribirdi: variations.
  2. Book: Massoud, Sami. The Chronicles and Annalistic Sources of the Early Mamluk Circassian Period. 2007-04-24. BRILL. 9789047419792. en.
  3. Web site: Ibn Taghribirdi Abu Al Mahasin Yusuf 1411 1470 Ce - AbeBooks. www.abebooks.com. ar. 2017-11-24.
  4. Web site: Al-Nujūm al-Zāhirah fī Mulūk Miṣr wa-al-Qāhirah. www.archive.org. ar. 20. 2019-05-07.
  5. Book: Young, M. J. L.. Religion, Learning and Science in the 'Abbasid Period. 1990-05-16. Cambridge University Press. 9780521327633. en.
  6. Book: Ibn Taghrībirdī. al-Manhal al-ṣāfī wa-al-mustawfá baʻda al-wāfī. www.archive.org. Cairo. al-Hayʼah al-Miṣrīyah al-ʻĀmmah lil-Kitāb. 1984. ar.
  7. Book: Ibn Taghrībirdī. Ḥawādith al-duhūr fī madá al-ayyām wa-al-shuhūr. www.archive.org. Beirut. ʻĀlam al-Kutub. 1990. 613. ar.
  8. Book: Taghrībirdī (Ibn), Abū al-Maḥāsin, Yūsuf. Mawrid al-laṭāfah fī man waliya al-salṭanah wa-al-khilāfah. Maṭbaʻat Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣrīyah. al-Qāhirah. 1997. 39498301.

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